Educational guides

Mare Mortum

DADAAB, KENYA - JULY 21: Newly arrived Somalian refugees settle on the edge of the Dagahaley refugee camp which makes up part of the giant Dadaab refugee settlement on July 21, 2011 in Dadaab, Kenya. The refugee camp at Dadaab, located close to the Kenyan border with Somalia, was originally designed in the early 1990s to accommodate 90,000 people but the UN estimates over four times as many reside there. The ongoing civil war in Somalia and the worst drought to affect the Horn of Africa in six decades has resulted in an estimated 12 million people whose lives are threatened. (Photo by Oli Scarff/Getty Images)

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The Mediterranean, the erstwhile Mare Nostrum, the sea that shapes our towns, landscapes and memories, has become in recent years one of the most violent borders in the world, and a mass grave. In 2019 a total of 128,536 people attempted to make their way to Europe via the migratory routes of the Mediterranean. Of these, 1,885 people (approximately 1.5%) did not make it, losing their lives at sea as a result of the lack of legal, safe forms of emigration.

Human Rights


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The year 2015 saw the highest figures of displacement in Europe since the Second World War. One of the main triggers was the devastating war in Syria. However, other wars and environmental hardships played their part, as did the significant social and economic inequality which continue to increase across the globe, exacerbated by short-sighted political decision-making.



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El racisme s’alimenta de la desigualtat, implica una classificació discriminatòria de les persones en grups segons el color de la pell i/o el país d’origen. Es construeix a partir de la identificació arbitrària de tot un grup amb unes característiques negatives que en justifiquen el tracte desigual i legitimen la seva inferioritat social. D’aquesta manera, el pensament racista justifica la discriminació, la segregació social o l’explotació econòmica d’una o de diverses comunitats.

Gender and LGBTQI+


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The phenomenon of migration is often associated with socio-economic factors or the spectre of conflict. When discussing refugees and asylum seekers, one thinks of people fleeing countries at war or under extreme dictatorships. However, many are forced to flee their country on the grounds of sexual orientation and gender identity. Being gay, lesbian, bisexual, transgender, intersex, or part of other sexual or gender-based minorities can, in some parts of the world, carries with it the threat of being imprisoned or sentenced to death, and suffering threats, extortion, blackmail, exclusion and/or social rejection.

Social change


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Today, millions of people are doomed to permanent misery, and it is confirmed that so-called North-South aid is a much smaller positive contribution than the negative contributions that the global south receives from the global north. Many of these negative contributions are made by large companies and states, which act with the goal of increasing profits and securing resources and markets.